Family Science Club

Pointing to the Author of Science

 

Heidi working on resource closet at Faith Community Church, 2004

Image: Heidi Weaver working on resource room at Faith Community Church. Taken by Kevin Weaver.

Catechism on Science, Part 1

When Kevin was in seminary, he created a basic catechism as one of his assignments in systematic theology. He decided to try something similar based on the subject of science. Here are the first several questions.

Question 1: Is everything dependent on God?

Answer 1: Time, space and everything else started because of God's action. Jesus, God the Son, not only created, but He keeps the universe going. If God the Son were to stop thinking about the universe, it would cease to exist.

  • In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1 ESV)
  • ...yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist. (1 Corinthians 8:6 ESV)

Question 2: Do the physical laws constrain God, or make Him irrelevant?

Answer 2: God does things in a manner that is orderly, even if not always understandable to us. Jesus, God the Son, does not change, so we should not expect Him to change how He does things. The regularity of the universe does not discredit God, rather, it confirms what He is like.

  • For God is not a God of confusion but of peace...  (1 Corinthians 14:33a ESV)
  • Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever. (Hebrews 13:8 ESV)

Question 3: Is any event in the universe random, such that God could not know it in advance?

Answer 3: God knows what He will do and nothing can prevent Him from doing it. God's decision is an extension of who He is, so He does not change His mind like people do.

  • ...I am God, and there is none like me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, 'My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose,' (Isaiah 46:9b-10 ESV)
  • God is not man, that he should lie, or a son of man, that he should change his mind. Has he said, and will he not do it? Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it? (Numbers 23:19 ESV)

Question 4: If God is in control, why do we see death, decay, and chaos among humanity and in nature?

Answer 4: People try to fight God, but He will not let them succeed indefinitely. A result of Adam's fall is the Curse, resulting in the world being broken and unnatural.

  • The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying, "Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us." He who sits in the heavens laughs; the Lord holds them in derision. (Psalm 2:2-4 ESV)
  • For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. (Romans 8:22 ESV)

Question 5: If the world is broken by sin, how does that effect the efforts to learn about it through science?

Answer 5: God designed the earth to be cared for by humanity. Human sin resulted in humanity's abandonment of its responsibilities, with the result that animals and plants do not act as they were designed to act.

  • And God blessed them. And God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth." (Genesis 1:28 ESV)
  • ...cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, (Genesis 3:17b-19a ESV)

Question 6: Have things always worked the way they do now?

Answer 6: At least once since the fall, God has acted directly, resulting in major changes to the Earth. At least once since the fall, God has taken action to change the behavior of animals. Therefore, scientists should not assume that they can interpret all of the past by looking at the present.

  • ...on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. (Genesis 7:11 ESV)
  • The fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth and upon every bird of the heavens, upon everything that creeps on the ground and all the fish of the sea. Into your hand they are delivered. (Genesis 9:2 ESV)

Question 7: Will God leave us to deal with a broken world forever?

Answer 7: God will not leave things this way. God intends to restore things to glory through His own actions. Yet, we do not know when, so we must be wise in how we use the world around us in the meantime.

  • ...and then the heavens will pass away with a roar, and the heavenly bodies will be burned up and dissolved... (2 Peter 3:10b ESV)
  • Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. (Revelation 21:1 ESV)